In 1952, the United States elected a new president, Dwight D. Eisenhower, and on November 29, 1952, the president-elect went to Korea to study what might end the Korean War. [26] With the adoption by the United Nations of the Korean War State proposed by India, the KPA, the VPA and UNC stopped the fire with the battle line on the Kansas line, for example. , a line of UN positions north of the 38th parallel, which had been established in Operation Rugged. [28] When the belligerents agreed to the ceasefire, they established the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ), which has since been patrolled by KPA, ROKA, the United States and the common UNC forces. Discussions continued slowly due to difficulties in demarcating the border between North and South Korea. China and North Korea expected the line to remain on the 38th parallel. Within weeks, however, the two nations accepted the Kansas Line. [14] In March 1953, the death of Joseph Stalin contributed to the negotiation. While the Chinese head of state, Mao Zedong, was unwilling to compromise, two weeks after Stalin`s death, the new Soviet leaders made a statement calling for a swift end to hostilities. [29] The signed ceasefire established a « complete cessation of all hostilities in Korea by all armed forces »[2] which should be implemented by commanders of both sides. However, the ceasefire is merely a ceasefire between the armed forces and not an agreement between governments to normalize relations. [32] No formal peace treaty has been signed and normalized relations have not been restored.

The ceasefire founded the Military Dearcation Line (MDL) and the DMZ. The DMZ was agreed as a 4.0 km wide buffer zone between the two Korean nations. [33] The DMZ follows the Kansas Line, where the two sides clashed at the time of the signing of the ceasefire. The DMZ is currently the most defended national border in the world from 2018. [Citation required] In mid-December 1950, the United States discussed the terms of an agreement to end the Korean War. [9] The desired agreement would put an end to the fighting, provide assurances against its resumption and protect the future security of UNC forces. [10] The United States has requested the formation of a jointly agreed military ceasefire commission to oversee all agreements. [9] Both sides must agree to « stop the introduction of air, land or naval units or personnel in Korea…

and not to increase the war equipment and equipment available in Korea. [9] The United States wanted to create a demilitarized zone about 32 km wide. [9] The proposed agreement would also address the issue of prisoners of war, which the United States believed should be exchanged one for one. [9] South Korea never signed the ceasefire agreement, with President Syngman Rhee refusing to accept power. [4] [5] China normalized relations and signed a peace agreement with South Korea in 1992.

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